Translations from the Katha, Prasna and Chhandogya Upanishads. Puranas The Puranas are post-Vedic texts which typically contain a complete narrative of the history of the Universe from creation to destruction, genealogies of the kings, heroes and demigods, and descriptions of Hindu cosmology and geography. There are 17 or 18 canonical Puranas, divided into three categories, each named after a deity: Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva. There are also many other works termed Purana, known as ‘Upapuranas. Wilson [ ] A primary text of the Vaishnava branch of Hinduism, and one of the canonical Puranas of the Vishnu category. Among the portions of interest are a cycle of legends of the boyhood deeds of Krishna and Rama. Wilson was one of the first Europeans to translate a Hindu sacred text from the original Sanskrit. His style and annotations are exceptional and very readable.
Rigveda to Robotics: Scientific Dating of Vedic and Ramayan Era
Even till date, researchers continue to toil hard to recover lost knowledge, treasures, and graves of the rulers who once walked on Egyptian soil. To the fruition of their efforts, those researchers, backed by their zest and modern technology, have retrieved a lot of buried things. Read More Egypt gets ready to unearth secret tomb of King Tutankhamun teenaged wife However, as if all that was not enough, recently, a team of scientists and archaeologists found a huge Egyptian wooden boat buried in a pit next to the Great Pyramid at Giza.
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Article suggests some candidate dates for Mahabharata war. Mahabharata is a great epic, and is one of the pillars of present day Hinduism. The Mahabharata story and its moral ethos have had profound influence on millions over many generations. Mahabharata war is said to have occurred before the transition of Dwapara Yuga to Kali Yuga. Dating the Mahabharata war and start of Kaliyuga has been elusive and going on for many centuries.
Aryabhata, is a famous early astronomer with contributions to science, whose estimate of p, and the time of moon revolution around the earth are so accurate, that his works are being extensively researched. Aryabhata AD stated that Kaliyuga started years before, when he was 23 years old, making the start as BC [Aryabhateeya ref-1].
It would date Mahabharata war to around circa BCJ. Millennium year AD is Kali
Download Astronomical Dating of the Mahabharata War
Mr Nilesh Oak https: In an exchange with him on Twitter for open debate I sent to him the following transcripts in a series of tweets on January 8th and 9th of Till now he has not replied to my arguments. Traditional date of K. Tamil Siddha hymns also give a formula to deduce the day, star etc of any day, anytime of this time frame of K. Yuga which is perfectly working.
This is the longest book of the Mahabharata. Kisari Mohan Ganguli considers this Parva as a later interpolation.’ 13 Anushasana Parva (The Book of the Instructions) 89–90 dating back to In Telugu film Daana Veera Soora Karna () directed by and starring N. T. Rama Rao depicts Karna as the lead character.
The history and genealogy of the Bharata and Bhrigu races is recalled, as is the birth and early life of the Kuru princes adi means first. Life at the court, Yudhishthira ‘s Rajasuya Yajna, the game of dice, the disrobing of Pandava wife Draupadi and eventual exile of the Pandavas. Includes the Bhagavad Gita in chapters 25  This is the major book of the war. Most of the great warriors on both sides are dead by the end of this book.
Also told in detail, is the pilgrimage of Balarama to the fords of the river Saraswati and the mace fight between Bhima and Duryodhana which ends the war, since Bhima kills Duryodhana by smashing him on the thighs with a mace. Only 7 warriors remain on the Pandava side and 3 on the Kaurava side. This is the longest book of the Mahabharata. Kisari Mohan Ganguli considers this Parva as a later interpolation.
Vedic Science: Dating Mahabharata
People who belittle Ramayan as a mythology or a mere epic and Lord Ram as a fictitious character should be ready to give up their skepticism. Couple of years ago, two Chennai-based botanists came out with a three-year-long study which establishes that the Ramayan is a true life story authored by Valmiki, incorporating facts, figures, science and environment of the period.
All plants including flowers, trees, fruits mentioned in the Ramayan have been found to be true. As a taxonomist, Sudhakar confirmed the plant variety with their Sanskrit and Latin names. According to Krishna, the Ramayan is geographically very correct.
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When the date was converted from Solar Calendar into Lunar Calendar, it was found to coincide with the 9th day of Shukla Paksha in Chaitra month at around 12 to 1 noontime. It is exactly the time and date when Ram Navami is celebrated all throughout India. He had stated the planetary positions prevailing at the time when Shri Ram was sentenced 14 years exile from Ayodhya. He had also mentioned that Shri Ram was 25 years old when he left Ayodhya for his 14 years of exile along with Sita and Laxman.
As it can seen from this deduction that Shri Ram was 25 years of age when he left for exile — So, this observation matches with the text described in Valmiki Ramayan.
Dating of Mahabharata
The next milestone is the era of Buddha and Mahavir, which again defines a new age for Bharat. Adi Shankar is believed to be about years later to Buddha. Hence the date for Adi Shankara is set to CE. Similarly, many ancient events like the end of Vedic age, the start of Kali, the dates for Upanishadas, the dates for the pre-mauryan dynasties etc. Hence fixing the date for MB is important for the history of India.
The scientific dating of the Ramayana. Friday, October 2, Rakesh Krishnan In her History of India, academician Romilla Thapar describes the celebrated Rig-Veda as “primitive animism”, the Mahabharata as the glorification of a “local feud” between two Aryan tribes, the Ramayana as “a description of local conflicts between the.
Royal chariot made from copper. The royal coffins are highly decorated with copper plated anthropomorphic figures – having horns, and peepal-leafed. It is the first time this kind of a coffin has been unearthed in the entire sub-continent of India. The sides of the coffins are also decorated with floral motifs. While coffins have already been discovered during past excavations in Harappa, Mohenjo-Daro and Dholavira Gujarat , these were not laden with such ornamental copper decorations.
General view of the double burial. Outlookindia , Author provided The discovery is reminiscent of a similar sensational discovery by an archaeologist from Peking University, who discovered a group of 30 tombs, 28 chariots and 49 pairs of horse skeletons dating back 2, years in Zaoyang city, Hubei Province in China. The present discovery is earlier than the Chinese discovery. Significance of the Finds This represents a milestone for archaeologists in the region, as for the first time ASI has discovered a burial site including chariots.
The discovery of two chariots was significant because it is the earliest such finding in the Indian subcontinent, dating back 3, years to BC which makes it before the Aryan migration it argued to have taken place in around BC. The finds indicate that the Aryan invaders were not necessarily the first to bring chariots and horses to the region.
This points to a different kind of civilization being in existence before the Aryans arrived, one which had its own warrior class. The Harappans were previously thought to be a peaceful people, with the Aryans having the advantage of horses and chariots aiding their easy victory. The truth of this is now in question.
Astronomical Dating of the Ramayan
The great Rishis of the Vedic age composed the hymns, fought their wars, and ploughed their fields; but they were neither Brahmins, nor Kshatriyas nor Vaisyas. The banks of the distant Ganga and Jumna are rarely alluded to; the scenes of war and social ceremonies are the banks of the Saraswati and her tributaries. This was the Hindu world when the hymns were composed.
India’s first spiritual and cultural ambassador to the West, came to represent the religions of India at the World Parliament of Religions, held at Chicago has said: They hold that the Vedas are without beginning and without end.
Jan 12, · Challenging Nilesh Oak’s dates of Mahabharata and Ramayana. January 12, January 12, After seeing these three in his videos, I don’t see any compelling reason to watch any more of his on dating. If you see any video / article worth challenging, let me know. I will take them up.
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Sanauli Find Challenges Aryan Invasion Theory and Could Re
The history and genealogy of the Bharata and Bhrigu races is recalled, as is the birth and early life of the Kuru princes adi means first. Life at the court, Yudhishthira ‘s Rajasuya Yajna, the game of dice, the disrobing of Pandava wife Draupadi and eventual exile of the Pandavas. Includes the Bhagavad Gita in chapters 25  This is the major book of the war.
Dating Mahabharata to BC: Archaeologists Shift from Painted Grey-Ware to Ochre Coloured Pottery Sanauli is OCP site of Ganga Jamuna Doab and its tributaries were the core zone of OCP/Copper Hoard Culture, contemporary to Harappan civilisation.
Scientific Dating of Vedic and Ramayan Era Ecological perspective History of the Holocene post last ice age deserves to be rewritten based on multi-disciplinary scientific evidences. Aryan invasion theory was propagated based on linguistic guesswork, religious hearsay and old outdated archaeological reports. Christianity has long back discarded its 18th century beliefs that world got created on 23rd October, BC, Biblical flood occurred in B.
It is almost unanimously accepted by the scholars and scientists that there have been several cycles of civilizations and that last ice age ended around B. The melting of ice caps naturally got started near the Equator, resulting in discharge of huge quantities of water which first flowed in the form of rivers in South India. The civilizations developed, populations multiplied over hundreds of years resulting in water scarcity.
More adventurous started migrating northwards – initially towards central India and later on towards the Himalayan rivers in the North.
Astronomical dating of mahabharata war
These may be from the period between Ripunjaya and Puranjaya. But this Era, is mentioned nowhere in the Mahabharat text itself! Thus it makes it clear that the evening of the Dwapaar has not yet ended and the Kaliyug had not started when the War took place. Kaliyug started at B. Other references from Shrimad Bhagwat points quite closely to the same year as above. But who is this Parikshit?
The Mahabharata (which may be translated from Sanskrit to mean ‘The Great Epic of the Bharata Dynasty’) is one of the two major Sanskrit epic poems of ancient India, the other being the Ramayana. In a nutshell, the Mahabharata is about the Kurukshetra War Dating back thousands of years are numerous examples of ancient technology that.
Rigveda[ edit ] The Rigveda tells of an apsara who is the wife of Gandharva ; however, the Rigveda also seems to allow for the existence of more than one Apsara. An entire hymn deals with the colloquy between Urvashi and her mortal lover Pururavas. The epic contains several lists of the principal Apsaras, which lists are not always identical. Here is one such list, together with a description of how the celestial dancers appeared to the residents and guests at the court of the gods: Ghritachi and Menaka and Rambha and Purvachitti and Swayamprabha and Urvashi and Misrakeshi and Dandagauri and Varuthini and Gopali and Sahajanya and Kumbhayoni and Prajagara and Chitrasena and Chitralekha and Saha and Madhuraswana, these and others by thousands, possessed of eyes like lotus leaves, who were employed in enticing the hearts of persons practising rigid austerities, danced there.
And possessing slim waists and fair large hips, they began to perform various evolutions, shaking their deep bosoms, and casting their glances around, and exhibiting other attractive attitudes capable of stealing the hearts and resolutions and minds of the spectators. The Nymph and the Sage[ edit ] A story type or theme appearing over and over again in the Mahabharata is that of an Apsara sent to distract a sage or spiritual master from his ascetic practices.
One story embodying this theme is that recounted by the epic heroine Shakuntala to explain her own parentage. Deciding that the sage would have to be distracted from his penances, he sent the apsara Menaka to work her charms. Menaka trembled at the thought of angering such a powerful ascetic, but she obeyed the god’s order. As she approached Viswamitra , the wind god Vayu tore away her garments. Seeing her thus disrobed, the sage abandoned himself to lust.